The automobile clutch is located in the flywheel housing between the engine and the gearbox, and the clutch assembly is fixed on the rear plane of the flywheel with a screw. The output shaft of the clutch is the input shaft of the gearbox.In the process of driving, the driver can step on or release the clutch pedal as required to temporarily separate and gradually connect the engine with the gearbox to cut off or transfer the power input from the engine to the transmission.
Mechanical parts that can connect or separate the driving shaft and the driven shaft at any time as required.Can be used to control the machine drive system start, stop, speed change and commutation.There are a wide variety of clutches, which can be classified according to the working nature: the lever operated clutch.Its control method with mechanical, electromagnetic and pneumatic and hydraulic, etc., such as embedded clutch (by) teeth, teeth or the combination of key transmission torque, friction clutch (using friction torque), flexible air clutch tire swell-shrink to manipulate the friction of the compressed air (a joint or separate clutch), electromagnetic slip clutch (delivered with exciting current to produce magnetic torque), magnetic powder clutch (magnetic powder with excitation coil magnetization, form magnetic powder chain to transfer torque).Open automatic clutch.With simple mechanical method automatically joint or separate action, is divided into safety clutch (when the shaft transmission torque reaches a certain value can automatic separation, so as to prevent overload, avoiding damage of important parts in the machine), centrifugal clutch (when the speed of the drive shaft reaches a certain value, due to the effect of centrifugal force can make the shaft to join between or after more than a certain speed separation), directional clutch (also called overrunning clutch, the use of ratchet - ratchet gearing or roller, wedge block chocking one-way transfer motion or torque, when the drive shaft turn, or speed is lower than the driven shaft, clutch is automatically separate).
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